Diseases of the oral and facial region may emanate from any of the structures and tissues of these regions such as bone, muscle, gum, fat and taste buds. While most are benign some may become malignant. Moreover, some of the “benign” lesions may behave in a destructive manner. Fortunately, early detection and treatment will, in most circumstances, cure the disease, or may mitigate the adverse effects.
As part of your physical examination, your dentist or physician would also examine your head and neck region, including the oral cavity. If there are any suspicious areas, you may be referred to an oral and maxillofacial surgeon, for biopsy and/or treatment. Depending on the nature of the disease, advanced imaging studies, such as MRI, CT scan, or other investigations may be necessary before treatment is offered.